For fever, naturally
Lipomal

Fever in children

Fever is the body’s natural defensive reaction which, through the increase of the body’s temperature, stimulates immune mechanisms to fight the disease. Considering that children’s thermoregulation mechanisms are not fully developed yet, increased body temperature is not always a symptom of the disease. Children may develop fever as a consquence of overheating, teething or after vaccinations.

Fever intensity levels:

36 -37°C – within norm
37,1-38°C – subfebrile temperature
38,1-39°C – moderate temperature
> 39°C – febrile temperature

It is important to bear in mind that the temperature measured in oral cavity is higher by 0,3°C, and in rectum by 0,5°C than temperature taken under the arm.

Causes:

Usually, fever may be induced by illnesses or viral or bacterial infections, such as:

  • common cold, influenza
  • pharyngitis, tonsillitis
  • otitis media
  • mumps, rubella, rubeola, chicken pox
  • scarlet fever
  • gastro-intestinal infections
  • cystitis
  • encephalitis

Symptoms:

Common symptoms in children:

  • flushed cheeks, sweating
  • rapid breathing (over 40/minute) and pulse (around 120/minute)
  • headache
  • bad mood, apathy
  • warm skin (on the head and back in particular)
  • diarrhea (primarily in newborns)
  • children below the age of 3 may suffer from febrile convulsions

Ways to alleviate fever:

The most common methods used to alleviate fever include:

  • cold compresses on temples, forehead, neck and calves
  • cooling bath, initially in lukewarm water which temperature is 1°C lower than the temperature of the body and then gradually lowering it up to 32-30°C
  • It is important that the room temperature is not too high
  • You should also provide the child with plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration

When to consult a physician?

It is indispensable to see a physician in case:

  • a fever occurs in a newborn of up to 6 months of age
  • a high fever persists for 1-2 days in babies above 1 year of age
  • a fever persists despite the administration of antiperytic medicine
  • febrile convulsions occur
  • the child refuses to take sufficient amount of fluids and risks dehydration
  • the child cannot bend the neck forward
  • the overall mood of the child has deteriorated considerably
  • a child suffers from severe pain